”’New Jersey”’ is a state in the northeastern United States. The third state in the union. The state of New Jersey received its name because of the British island of Jersey, the largest of the Channel Islands, located in the English Channel.
The capital of the state is Trenton.
New Jersey’s nicknames
The Garden State
New Jersey area
Total 8,722.58 sq mi (22,591.38 km2)
Width 70 miles (112 km)
Length 170 miles (273 km)
The Dutch were the first who settled in New Jersey at the beginning of the 16th century. They called their colony New Netherlands, with its capital New Amsterdam (future New York). In 1664, the British captured these territories from the Dutch. Since its inception, the province of New Jersey had been distinguished by its ethnic and religious diversity.
At the end of the 17th century, many Quakers settled here, which sold half of the colony, Presbyterians, Anabaptists, and so on. In 1702, the lands were united under the rule of the English crown. In 1776, New Jersey was one of 13 colonies that rebelled against the government of the metropolis. During the American Revolutionary War, American and British troops repeatedly crossed the state; several crucial battles took place here. The “military capital” of the revolution was Morristown, where George Washington twice stationed troops. (The National History Park was created there.) In December 1776, the Washington Army crossed Delaware, after which two decisive battles of Trenton took place. In this place, British troops were defeated, and then Washington attacked Princeton and won one more time.
December 18, 1787, New Jersey became the third state of the United States, and two years later was the first which ratified the Bill of Rights. During the American Civil War (1861-1865), the state fought on the side of the Union, and within both World Wars was the center of military production: battleships, destroyers, and cruisers were built here.
Today, New Jersey, despite its advanced industry and high population density, is called the state of the gardens. There are a lot of picturesque places where people can relax in peace and quiet, lush and diverse vegetation, especially striking with its colors in the autumn, a lot of wild animals that live not only in remote oak and coniferous forests, but also practically near with people.
Around 8,800,000 people live in the state of New Jersey. The average population density in the state is about 1210.10/sq mi (467/km2). The majority of the population lives in the New York and Philadelphia areas, as well as on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean.
The largest cities in the state of New Jersey are Newark (about 280,000 inhabitants), Jersey City (about 250,000 inhabitants), Paterson (about 150,000 inhabitants), Elizabeth (about 125,000 inhabitants) , the capital of Trenton (about 85,000 inhabitants), Camden (about 80,000 inhabitants) and Passaic (about 70,000 inhabitants).
TOP 5 Universities
Best Universities in New Jersey
* Princeton University
* Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
* New Jersey Institute of Technology
* Seton Hall University
* Rowan University