”’Montana”’ is a state in the northwest United States, the 41st state that joined the union.
Montana is bordered by the Canadian provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, and Saskatchewan in the north, by North Dakota in the east, by Wyoming in the south, and by Idaho in the west.
The name of the state refers to the Spanish word montana, that means “mountain.” Mountain areas occupy one-third of the state in its western part.

The capital of the state is Helena.

Montana’s nicknames

Big Sky Country, The Treasure State

Area

Montana area


Total 147,040 sq mi (380,800 km2)
Width 630 miles (1,015 km)
Length 255 miles (410 km)

History

The Sioux, Crow, Assiniboine, Cheyennes, and other tribes lived on the territory of Montana. Nobody bothered them until the 18th century when Canadian hunters of fur-bearing animals hit the area of Montana. The Indians did not know that their land was already the territory of the French colony of Louisiana, and later, after 1803, the property of the United States of America. In 1805-1806, the famous Lewis and Clarke Land Passage Expedition assigned the newly acquired lands to the state.

After the hunters, the missionaries reached out to Montana. In the 60s of the XIX century, the conflicts of Indians with immigrants became continual – too many gold seekers went to these lands.
The policy of the USA government aimed to relocate Indians to reservations and expel them from their own lands. It caused a long war. The battle of Little Bighorn was one of the most significant events of that war. The USA Army eventually won, and the remnants of the Indian tribes were forced to move to the reservation.

During the gold rush, Montana became the real gold center of the Wild West. Gold was quickly exhausted, crowds of gold miners often turned into gangs of robbers, and relations with the Indians were worse than ever.
In the early 80s of the 20th century, mining operations were resumed at the industrial level, in 1883 the construction of the North Pacific Railway led to significant changes in the economy of Montana, which became the 41st state of the United States in 1889.

Demographics

Around one million people live in Montana, with an average population density of about 7.09/sq mi  (2.73/km2).

The largest cities of Montana are Billings (more than 100,000 inhabitants), Missoula (about 70,000 inhabitants), Great Falls (about 60,000 inhabitants), Bozeman (about 40,000 inhabitants), Butte (about 35,000 inhabitants). In the state capital, Helena, live nearly thirty thousand people.

The largest urban agglomerations in Montana were formed around the cities of Billings (about 160,000 people), Missoula (about 110,000 people), Kalispell and Bozeman (about 90,000 people each).

TOP 5 Universities

Best Universities in Montana

* Montana State University
* The University of Montana
* Montana Tech
* Carroll College
* Montana State University Billings

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