”’North Dakota”’ is a state in the north of the central part of the United States, one of the so-called states of the Northwest Center.
The territory of Dakota was named after the Dakota Indians (one of the Sioux peoples) who lived on these lands.
The capital of North Dakota is Bismarck.
North Dakota’s nicknames
Peace Garden State, Roughrider State, Flickertail State
North Dakota area
Total 70,762 sq mi (183,843 km2)
Width 211 miles (340 km)
Length 335 miles (539 km)
Indian tribes of the Sioux group lived there. There were also tribes of Mandan, Hidatsa, and semi-nomadic Arikaras, who then united into an alliance of three tribes. The French-Canadian officer, explorer, and fur trader Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, Sieur de La Vérendrye was the first European who came into contact with these tribes. He visited the Mandan village in 1738 and was surprised at the level of culture.
The Mandans were among the first local tribes that established trade relations with the Europeans. In 1803, after the Louisiana purchase, these lands stopped to be French possessions and became part of the United States. Since 1861, North Dakota and South Dakota were one territory. Only in 1889, they were divided. November 2, 1889, was the date of formation of the state of North Dakota.
The history of active development of the territory of the state began from this moment. The end of the XIX century was held in the construction of railways in the region. At the same time, the emigrants’ state was mastered, among which a prominent role belonged to the Russian Germans.
The twentieth century brought the state a commercial boom: at the beginning of the century, leading retail chains were formed in large cities of the state. Their owners were among the first in North Dakota that had mastered the mail order system at the end of the 19th century.
In the middle of the last century, state politicians declared themselves isolationists. Following these trends, the United States was not recommended to participate in the Cold War and some national conflicts in foreign territories.
From the 1980s to the beginning of the 21st century there was a cutback of economic activity. Many associate it with the accumulated demographic problems of the region. In recent years there has been a small but relatively stable influx of immigrants. The state is still famous for its developed farming culture.
More than 700,000 people live in North Dakota. The average population density in the state is about 11.70/sq mi (3.83/km2).
The largest cities in North Dakota are Fargo (about 110,000 inhabitants), Bismarck (about 65,000 inhabitants), Grand Forks (about 50,000 inhabitants), Minot (about 45,000 inhabitants) and West Fargo (about 30,000 inhabitants).
TOP 5 Universities
Best Universities in North Dakota
* University of North Dakota
* North Dakota State University
* Minot State University
* University of Mary
* Valley City State University