”’Oklahoma”’ is a state in the south of the central part of the USA. The name of the state received from the Choctawan Indian, and means “red people.”

The capital of the state is Oklahoma-city.

Oklahoma’s nicknames

Area


Oklahoma area

Total 69,899 sq mi (181,040 km2)
Width 230 miles (370 km)
Length 465 miles (750 km)

History

About 9 thousand years ago Paleo-Indians lived in this land, belonging to the Clovis culture. Their descendants were visited by Europeans in 1541 when conquistador Francisco de Coronado arrived there. The inhabitants of Spain came there in search of the mythical Seven golden cities. But, disappointed with the view of poor Indian homes, they quickly left.

The Wichita, Kuapo, Kaddo, Osage and Pueblo Indian tribes lived there sedentary. They grew maize, beans, pumpkins, and melons. Comanches, Choctaws, Seminoles, Utah, and Apaches were engaged in collecting and hunting. From time to time, the tribes fought in different tribal alliances, but the rest of the time they traded with each other. From the 17th century, French merchants, who bought fur, were frequent visitors, and in 1800 Spain gave control over the territory to the French. In 1803, a Louisiana deal took place, as a result of which the United States acquired their colonies from France, including Oklahoma.

By giving the Indians the right to own these lands, the USA government reserved the right to control it. The military forts, trading posts, and the first ranches were built. In 1820, an unsuccessful attempt was made to convert the Redskins to Christianity, then reservations were made. On April 22, 1889, the government officially allowed white settlers to live there. Settlement were built very quickly. The Indians did not like this. In 1905, they commissioned the Cherokee leader to write his constitution called the Sequoia Convention, but Congress rejected this document. On November 16, 1907, Oklahoma officially became the 46th USA state with the capital of Oklahoma City.

Oklahoma survived the shock on April 19, 1955. Then, 168 people died in an explosion in a car bomb in Oklahoma City. The explosion destroyed the federal building named after Alfred Marr, damaged 324 buildings within a radius of 16 blocks. It was the most massive terrorist attack in the recent history of the United States (not counting the terrorist attack on September 11, 2001, in New York).

Demographics

Around 3,800,000 people live in Oklahoma. The average population density in Oklahoma is about 55.2/sq mi  (21.3/km2).

The largest city in the state is Oklahoma City, with about 600,000 people living here. Other major cities in Oklahoma are Tulsa (about 400,000 people), Norman (more than 110,000 people), Broken Arrow (more than 100,000 people) and Lawton (about 100,000 people).

TOP 5 Universities

Best Universities in Oklahoma

* The University of Oklahoma
* Oklahoma State University
* The University of Tulsa
* The University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center
* University of Central Oklahoma

News

Bar owners cracking down on fake IDs, may result in a felony charge for minors