”’Oregon”’ is a mountainous state in the northwestern United States, one of the so-called Pacific states. One of the most popular versions of the state name is the hypothesis about the origin of the word Oregon from the French ouragan (hurricane). Initially, the land of modern Oregon, European researchers called “Ouragon,” and only later changed its name to the current one.

The capital of the state is Salem.

Oregon’s nicknames

The Beaver State

Area

Oregon area

Total 98,381 sq mi (254,806 km2)
Width 400 miles (640 km)
Length 360 miles (580 km)

History

The territory of Oregon was settled by the tribes of the Indian’s tribes several thousands BC. By the time the first Europeans arrived in Oregon, the Indians of the Bannocks, Shasta, Klamath, Chinook, Nez-Perce, Kalapuya peoples, prayed, Takelema and others lived here.

The first European explorer of Oregon was the Spaniard Juan Pérez Hernandez, who in 1774 headed the expedition that studied the northwest coast of America. In 1778, the Oregon coast was explored by the famous English navigator James Cook. In 1805, an American expedition came to the territory from the east. It was organized by the President of the United States for the exploration of the areas of the “colony of Louisiana” bought by the United States from France in 1803. In March 1811, the first permanent European settlement in Oregon was founded – Fort Astoria. In 1818, England and the United States signed an agreement on the joint development of the “Oregon lands,” and no specific border between states was established here.

In the early forties of the XIX century, there was a growth of immigrants in Oregon from the east of the USA. This caused an increase of tension between Britain and the United States, even a military conflict was brewing, but in 1846 in Washington, an agreement was signed that established the border between the British colonies in Canada and the American lands in Oregon.

On February 14, 1859, the USA Congress decided to admit Oregon to the union as the thirty-third state of the United States. During the years of the Oregon Civil War, cavalry and infantry regiments were formed, mainly guarding trade routes and settlements in the Northwest United States. A new impulse to the economy was given by the construction of the Northern Pacific Railway in the eighties of the 19th century, which connected the northwestern states with the Midwestern United States. By the beginning of the 20th century, Oregon was a major producer of lumber, as well as wheat, fruit, and other agricultural products.

In the post-war decades, Oregon ceased to be a state-dependent only on logging and agriculture. Various branches of industry, including high-tech, were actively developing there.

Demographics

About 3,870,000 people live in the state. The average population density in Oregon is about 39.9/sq mi  (15.0/km2).

The largest cities of the state are Portland (more than 580,000 inhabitants), Eugene (about 160,000 inhabitants) and the state capital, Salem (about 155,000 inhabitants). All of them are located in the area of the Valley of the River Willmet, where most of the inhabitants of the state live.

TOP 5 Universities

Best Universities in Oregon

* Oregon State University
* University of Oregon
* Portland State University
* Oregon Health & Science University
* Reed College

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