”’Nevada”’ is the fastest growing USA state. The population growth in the period from 2000 to 2003 was 12.2%, in the period from 1990 to 2000 was 66.3%.
The name of the state comes from the Spanish word Nevada, which means “snowy.”
The capital of Nevada is Carson City.
Silver State, Sagebrush State, Battle Born State
Total 110,577 sq mi (286,382 km2)
Width 322 miles (519 km)
Length 492 miles (787 km)
The Spaniards were the first Europeans that visited territories of Nevada in the 16th century. In 1776, two Franciscan missionaries, Silvestre de Escalante and Francisco Dominguez, crossed the stony lands of Nevada in search of a path between the Spanish missions in California and New Mexico. Only in 1843-44, John Freemont was able to explore the area of the Great Basin during numerous expeditions. He marked this place on the map and organized the first settlement on the territories of present Nevada.
Until 1848, the territory of Nevada was part of Mexico. After the USA -Mexican War (1847–1848), it withdrew to the United States, but until 1861 it was part of Utah until it separated and gained the own name, shortened from the Sierra Nevada. In 1864, Nevada became the 36th USA state.
In 1859, a rich deposit of gold and silver was discovered in the Virginia City area. A large number of hunters for quick mining went here to look for happiness after their attempts to find the precious metal in California were unsuccessful. But the local deposits were quickly exhausted. Abandoned cities in different parts of the state are reminiscent of the “gold rush” that once covered these lands.
Casinos have become commonplace in the mining towns of Nevada. In 1909, they were banned, but, due to a sharp decline in mining, state authorities legalized the playing business, hoping to support the economy with the help of poker, roulette, and blackjack. Today, playing is the most developed sector of the Nevada economy.
The population of Nevada is around 2,650,000 people, while the average population density is about 26.8/sq mi (10.3/km2).
The largest cities of the state of Nevada are Las Vegas (about 600,000 inhabitants), Henderson (270,000 inhabitants), North Las Vegas (220,000 inhabitants) and Reno (215,000 inhabitants). Las Vegas, along with the cities of Henderson, North Las Vegas, Boulder City, Paradise, Spring Valley, and others, forms the metropolis of Greater Las Vegas with a population of almost 2,000,000 people.
About 60,000 people live in the capital of Nevada, Carson City.
TOP 5 Universities
Best Universities in Nevada
* University of Nevada, Reno
* University of Nevada, Las Vegas
* College of Southern Nevada
* Western Nevada College
* Great Basin College