”’North Carolina”’ is a state in the eastern United States, one of the so-called South Atlantic states. The name of the state was received from the province of Carolina, which was named by the English king Charles II in honor of his father – King Charles I.

The capital of the state is Raleigh.

North Carolina’s nicknames

Old North State, Tar Heel State

Area


North Carolina area


Total 52,419 sq mi (135,765 km2)
Width 190 miles (305 km)
Length 330 miles (531 km)

History

North Carolina was the first American territory that was colonized by the British. Sir Walter Raleigh founded two colonies on the coast of North Carolina in the late 1580s.

By the end of the 17th century, several permanent settlements were founded on the territory that covered modern South Carolina and the State of Tennessee. In 1712, North Carolina became a separate colony. Seventeen years later, it again became Royal. In April 1776, North Carolina became the first colony that sent delegates to the Continental Congress to vote for independence from the British crown.

North Carolina is one of the thirteen colonies that rebelled against British rule in the American Revolution. On November 21, 1789, North Carolina ratified the Constitution and became the twelfth state in the Union.

Between the American Revolutionary War and the American Civil War, North Carolina took measures to establish state and local governments. In 1840, the construction of the state capitol building in Raleigh was completed, where it is still located.

In the middle of the century, rural and commercial areas of the state became more connected due to the construction of a 129-mile wooden road.

In 1860, North Carolina was a state with a population of slightly less than 1 million people. Approximately one-third of the population were slaves. There were also about 30,000 free Afro-Americans residing in the state. North Carolina was the last state that left the Union during the Civil War in 1861. There were no major battles in North Carolina. All the troops of this state mostly fought in all the major battles in northern Virginia.

In the 20th century, North Carolina became a leader in agricultural industry. The state’s industrial output — mainly textiles, chemicals, electrical equipment, paper, and paper products — ranked eighth in the nation in the early 1990s. Tobacco, one of North Carolina’s earliest sources of income, remains vital to the local economy. Recently, technology became a driving force in the state, especially with the creation of the Research Triangle between Raleigh and Durham in the early 1950s.

Demographics

Around 9,660,000 people live in North Carolina. The average population density in the state is about 208.7 / sq mi (80.6 / km2).

The largest cities in North Carolina are Charlotte (over 730,000 inhabitants), the capital of Raleigh (about 410,000 inhabitants), Greensboro (about 270,000 inhabitants), Winston-Salem (about 230,000 inhabitants) and Durham (about 230,000 inhabitants).

TOP 5 Universities

Best Universities in North Carolina

* University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
* Duke University
* North Carolina State University
* University of North Carolina at Charlotte
* Wake Forest University

News

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