”’Rhode Island”’, officially, The State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, is the smallest state in the USA, located on the shores of the Atlantic Ocean.
The name of the state is received from the Dutch words Roodt Eylandt, which means “red island.”
The capital of the state is Providence.
Rhode Island’s nicknames
The Ocean State, Little Rhody
Rhode Island area
Total 1,214 sq mi (3,144 km2)
Width 37 miles (60 km)
Length 48 miles (77 km)
Baptist Roger Williams arrived on the lands of the future state as a refugee from the colony of Puritans of the Massachusetts Bay and bought a piece of land on the Cape of Narragansett Bay from the Indians. William called this place “Providence Plantations” and urged his fellow believers to him. After two years large groups of dissidents from the church arrived on the island. In 1638, part of the colonists bought Rod Island from the Indians.
In 1663, King Charles II of England supported the colony with his charter, which stated that its inhabitants had the right to freedom of religion and self-government.
The relations between the colonists and the Algonquian Indians of the Wampanoag, Narragansett, and Niantic were quite good, but over time conflicts began. In 1675-1676, the war of King Philip broke out. After this war, in which the colonists won, there were no more conflicts with the Indians. King James II in 1686 created the dominion of New England, and Rhode Island was forced to enter it. Under King William of Orange, Rhode Island’s independence was restored. On May 4, 1776, the state declared its independence from the British crown in the context of the inflamed American Revolutionary War. Two months later, the Declaration of Independence was adopted.
Rhode Island entered the United States on May 29, 1790, as part of the first group of 13 British colonies.
The state received its first impetus to the creation of industry in 1764 when it refused to continue using the free labor of slaves. In a short time the state’s population growth due to immigrants who came to Rhode Island in search of work. The newcomers were mostly Europeans.
During the Second World War, Rhode Island became the largest supplier of torpedo shells in the United States. After 1945, when there were no military orders, a period of stagnation began in the state’s economy, accompanied by rising unemployment and, as a result, crime. Until the early 1980s, Rhode Island was considered one of the most criminal regions of the country.
The diversification of the economy, including the expansion of services, was chosen as an alternative to this situation. The state has developed very well the improvement of a complex of medical services; today, health care makes the most significant contribution to its GDP.
Rhode Island has more than 1,050,000 people. The average population density in the state is about 1006/sq mi (388/km2).
The largest cities in Rhode Island are Providence (more than 180,000 inhabitants), Warwick (more than 80,000 inhabitants), Cranston (about 80,000 inhabitants), Pawtucket (more than 70,000 inhabitants) and East Providence (about 50,000 inhabitants).
TOP 5 Universities
Best Universities in Rhode Island
* Brown University
* University of Rhode Island
* Rhode Island School of Design
* Johnson and Wales University
* Rhode Island College