”’Vermont”’ is a small state in the northeastern United States, part of the Northeastern United States region. The name of the state is received from French. It was the French that first settled on this lands. The word “Vermont” comes from the French vert mont, which means “green mountain.”
The capital of Vermont is Montpelier.
The Green Mountain State
Total 9,616 sq mi (24,923 km2)
Width 80 miles (130 km)
Length 160 miles (260 km)
Nomadic Indian tribes were the first people who settled in Vermont about 8,000 years ago. The representatives of the Algonquian group (Abenaki and Mohicans) lived here.
In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, the French began to develop these lands. The first Vermont European explorer was Jacques Cartier (1491-1557), who explored the St. Lawrence River area. However, the French seaman, diplomat and geographer Samuel de Champlain (1574-1635) became the “official” explorer of these lands. He announced that the new overseas territory belonged to France and gave it a name. In 1666, the first settlement, the fort of St. Anne, grew by French settlers on the island of le-la-Motte.
Some politicians considered about an alliance with British Canada, but most residents chose an agreement with the United States.
Since the time of the first European settlements, territorial conflicts have arisen. The clashes between the British and the French almost did not end. As a result, the English got the land because of the victory in the French-Indian War (1754-1763).
In 1776, the independence of the territory of Vermont was declared, and in 1777 the “Republic of the Green Mountains” was formed, later renamed to Vermont. It had its own progressive Constitution, which for the first time in America prohibited slavery. The freedom-loving republic actively manifested itself in the war for the independence of the United States (1775-1783). One of the most important battles took place near Bennington on August 16, 1777. This day is still celebrated in the state as a public holiday.
The Republic of Vermont existed for 14 years sovereignly, and in 1791 it became the fourteenth USA state.
At first, the state was trying to develop agriculture, but climatic conditions were not favorable, and Vermonters retrained in sheep breeding and wool production. Manufacturers from Australia, South America and the western states of the United States pushed them out of this niche. Then Vermonters engaged in dairy farming and quite succeeded in this.
Around 625,000 people live in Vermont. The average population density in the state is about 67.7/sq mi (26.1/km2).
The largest cities of Vermont are Burlington (about 42,000 inhabitants), South Burlington (about 18,000 inhabitants), Rutland (about 17,000 inhabitants) and Barre (about 10,000 inhabitants). About 9,000 people live in the state capital, Montpelier (the smallest state capital of the United States in population).
TOP 5 Universities
Best Universities in Vermont
* University of Vermont
* Middlebury College
* Champlain College
* Norwich University
* Saint Michael’s College