”’Tennessee”’ is a state in the eastern United States, one of the so-called states of the Southeast Center.
The name of the state, like many other states of the United States, was received from the languages of the American Indians.
The first Europeans that explored the lands of modern Tennessee were the Spaniards. In 1567 one of them, Juan Pardo, recorded the name of one of the Indian settlements – Tanasqui. Apparently, it was this name that later gave the name of Tennessee.
The capital of the state is Nashville.
The Volunteer State
Total 42,143 sq mi (109,247 km2)
Width 120 miles (195 km)
Length 440 miles (710 km)
People came to this land about 12 thousand years ago. On the territory of Tennessee, the remains of several Indian camps – the “builders of the mounds” of the Mississippi culture (X-XV centuries) were also excavated. The Cherokee Indians, the Yuchi, the Muskogees, the Chiasso, the Choctaw tribes lived there when a detachment of Spanish conquistador Hernando de Soto arrived on this territory in 1540. The aggressive Cherokee confronted the arrivals.
The Frenchman Rene de la Salle, who explored the Mississippi Basin in 1682, set up his camp there and named it Fort Prudhomme. It was the first European settlement of the future state. By this time, the Indian population had dramatically decreased due to epidemics of diseases carried by Europeans, to which the aborigines did not have immunity. But the Cherokee, who fought on the side of the French, turned out to be the most persistent, and in 1760 they captured and destroyed Fort Loudon. In 1762, the “war with the French and the Indians,” as the British called it, ended in a peace agreement, and the settlement of the north-eastern part of the territory began. In 1772, the settlers created a self-government body. Then residents turned to Congress asking them to accept this territory as a state. Congress refused. In 1789, Franklin was returned to North Carolina. In response to the Franklin protests, the government took Franklin under its direct control and incorporated it into the South-West Territory.
June 1, 1796, Tennessee became the state of the USA. Its Constitution guaranteed universal suffrage, regardless of religion and property status, which in those days not all states allowed themselves to proclaim.
Tennessee, like all other states, has a nickname, “The Volunteer State.” The nickname appeared in 1812, at the beginning of the Anglo-American War of 1812-1814 (1815), when many Tennessee men voluntarily went to war. During the Mexican-American War of 1846-1848, the state sent out the soldiers twice as much as the government requested. Civil War of 1861-1865 split the residents of Tennessee, the majority took the side of the southerners. In 1865, a secret racist society called the Ku Klux Klan was created in the state. It has repeatedly dissolved and revived.
An essential segment of the economy of services in the state is the transport and logistics services. The leading American highways pass through the state, and Memphis Airport occupies one of the first places in the world regarding cargo transportation; here is the headquarters of FedEx, one of the largest logistics companies in the United States.
Around 6,410,000 people live in Tennessee. The average population density in Tennessee is about 159.4/sq mi (61.5/km2).
The largest cities of Tennessee are Memphis (over 650,000 inhabitants), the capital of Nashville ( about 630,000 inhabitants), Knoxville (about 180,000 inhabitants), Chattanooga (about 170,000 inhabitants) and Clarksville (about 135,000 inhabitants).
TOP 5 Universities
Best Universities in Tennessee
* Vanderbilt University
* The University of Tennessee, Knoxville
* The University of Tennessee at Martin
* The University of Memphis
* Middle Tennessee State University
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