”’Texas”’ is a state in the southeastern USA. It ranks the 2nd place in the USA by the area of the territory after Alaska and the 2nd place after California by population.
In the Hasiinay dialect of the Indian language Caddo, the word tayshas means “friends,” “allies.” The name of modern Texas received from this word.
The capital of the state is Austin.
The Lone Star State
Total 268,581 sq mi (696,241 km2)
Width 773 miles (1,244 km)
Length 790 miles (1,270 km)
The tribes of the Apaches, Kadtso, Comanche, Cherokee, Wichita, and others lived in the territory of Texas for thousands of years. They were engaged in hunting and gathering, fighting for water sources, and even managed to create the beginnings of a new civilization.
Conquistador Alvar Nuñez Cabeza de Vaca became the first European who settled in Texas in 1528. The first settlement was founded by the Spaniards in 1682. The influence of the French was small, and by the end of the XVIII century, Texas, along with current Mexico, became part of the Spanish colony of New Spain.
Since the beginning of the XIX century, Texas was inhabited by immigrants from the United States, who founded most of the existing cities. In 1821, New Spain became an independent state of the Mexican Empire. But by the mid-1830s, the tyranny of President Antonio Santa Anna and the absence of any law in Mexico brought the empire to a state of disintegration. Texas expressed a desire to become a separate state. The Mexicans were against Texas independence. The Texas Revolutionary War of 1835-1836 began.
In the battle of San Jacinto on April 21, 1836, the Texas army led by Sam Houston defeated the Mexican army and captured President Santa-Anna, who accepted the demands of the Texans in exchange for his life.
The people of Texas decided that they would become part of the United States. In 1870, the USA Congress officially included Texas into the country. Texas became the first independent country, directly admitted to the USA as a state.
At the beginning of the century, oil fields were found on the territory of Texas and the Gulf of Mexico. Oil Fever has completely changed the economic structure of the state. Since the 1950s, Texas has become a center for scientific technology, education, and industry. Texas currently makes money from information technology, the oil and gas industry, the generation and export of electricity, agriculture, and manufacturing.
Around 25 600 000 people live in the state. The average population density in Texas is about 108/sq mi (40.6/km2).
There are three cities in Texas with a population of over a million people: Houston (about 2,100,000 inhabitants), San Antonio (1,330,000 inhabitants) and Dallas (1,225,000 inhabitants). Another three cities have more than half a million inhabitants: in the state capital Austin (820,000), Fort Worth (760,000 inhabitants) and El Paso (660,000 inhabitants).
TOP 5 Universities
Best Universities in Texas
* The University of Texas at Austin
* Texas A&M University
* University of Houston
* Rice University
* University of North Texas