”’Utah”’ is a state in the USA in the group of the Highland States, located in the Rocky Mountains region. It is bordered by Wyoming in the northeast, by Colorado in the east, by Arizona in the south, by Nevada in the west, and by Idaho in the north.
The state received its name from the name of the Ute tribe (ute or yuttahih) that lived on this territory. The name of this tribe means “living above” or “living in the mountains.”
The capital of the state is Salt Lake City.
Beehive State, The Mormon State, Deseret
Total 84,899 sq mi (219,887 km2)
Width 270 miles (435 km)
Length 350 miles (560 km)
The first people lived in the area of the Great Basin more than 10 thousand years ago. They were mainly engaged in hunting and gathering. About 2 thousand years ago, in the area of the Colorado Plateau was a culture of Anasazi workers. Then the Pueblo tribes settled here. By the time Europeans appeared, tribes of Utah, Payut, and Navajo inhabited this region.
The first Europeans in the territory of the modern state were the soldiers of Francisco de Coronado that were looking for the Seven Cibola cities. In 1843-44, John Freemont was the first who explored the area of the Great Basin. In the 1840s, Utah served as a transit territory for many expeditions and settlers to California, including the famous Donner expedition in 1846. The first Mormons from Illinois came to Utah a year later.
On July 24, 1847, Mormons led by Brigham Young entered the valley of the Great Salt Lake. A year later, after the end of the American-Mexican War, the territory of modern Utah was ceded to the United States. In 1849, the Mormons created the “Honeybee State,” which stretched from Oregon to Mexico and west to the Sierra Nevada Range, and appealed to Congress for admission to the United States. Congress refused to recognize the state within such boundaries, but in 1850 it decided to create a smaller Utah Territory. Then there were conflicts of settlers with the Indians. They ended only in 1867 after the creation of Indian reservations here, as well as the struggle of the federal authorities with the Mormons. The completion of the transcontinental railway in 1869 contributed to the intensive influx of immigrants, including non-Mormons, to the development of agriculture and industry. In 1896, Utah became the state in the United States.
In the late XIX-early XX centuries, numerous deposits of silver, gold, zinc, copper and other minerals were discovered here. Thanks to the development of the irrigation system, the expansion of agricultural land began. Military orders during the period of both world wars contributed to the development of the processing and mining industries. In the 1960s, there was intense urbanization on the state. Between 1968-90, the state’s population grew by almost 70%. In the 1980s, the diversification of the economy began with a predominant increase in the role of the service sector and tourism.
Around 2,860,000 people live in Utah. The average population density in the state is about 36.53/sq mi (14.12/km2).
Utah’s largest cities are the capital of Salt Lake City (about 190,000 inhabitants), West Valley City (about 130,000 inhabitants), Provo (about 115,000 inhabitants), West Jordan (about 105,000 inhabitants) and Orem ( about 90,000 inhabitants). All of them are located in the same region, at the foot of the western slope of the Wasatch ridge.
TOP 5 Universities
Best Universities in Utah
* The University of Utah
* Brigham Young University
* Utah State University
* Weber State University
* Utah Valley University