”’Virginia”’, officially Commonwealth of Virginia, is a state in the eastern United States, one of the so-called South Atlantic states, part of the southern region of the United States.
The first English colony in North America, and later the state of Virginia, were named after the Queen of England Elizabeth I. Elizabeth I, who was never married, was called The Virgin Queen.

The capital of the state is Richmond.

Virginia’s nicknames


Old Dominion, Mother of Presidents and the Mother of Statesmen


Area


Virginia area

Total 42,774.2 sq mi (110,785.67 km2)
Width 200 miles (320 km)
Length 430 miles (690 km)

History


The first people appeared on this territory about 12 thousand years ago. Native Indian tribes of Cherokee, Chickahominy,  and Meherrin, belonging to the Algonquin, Iroquois and Sioux ethnic groups, lived here.
In the 16th century, several European expeditions, including Spanish Jesuits, explored these lands. England was the first that settled itself here, creating the colonial province of Virginia. At the beginning of the 17th century, the London Virginia Company was established to deal with the affairs of the future state and other English colonies in these places.
The Virginia colony flourished through the use of slave labor in tobacco plantations. The first crop of tobacco in the European colonies was collected in 1612 in Jamestown (Virginia). Very quickly, tobacco became one of the main things of virgin exports and was even used by colonists as a cash equivalent in barter trade.

In the 18th century, the British parliament decided to raise taxes in its North American colonies, since England needed funds to wage wars in France and India. Residents of Virginia actively resisted this, along with other colonies of England, and in 1776 Virginia proclaimed sovereignty. One of the authors of the Declaration of Independence of the United States became the Virginian Thomas Jefferson, the future third president of the United States.
In 1780, at the height of the North American Revolution (1775-1783) and the struggle against the British, the capital of the United States was moved to Richmond. June 25, 1788, Virginia was the tenth and the largest of the first thirteen USA states. After the American Revolutionary War, Virginia became the political center of the country. In this state were born eight presidents of the USA.

The peaceful development of the economy of Virginia was prevented by the Civil War of 1861-1865. Virginia sided with the Confederate southerners, became the capital of the Confederation and turned into a battlefield. It was here that the main battles of the war took place: at Bul-Ran, Petersburg, Frederiksberg. And here in 1865 in the town of Appomattox, General Robert E. Lee signed the act of surrender of the Confederates.
The development of the economy and the tremendous influx of tourists into the state are generally favored by pleasant weather, despite frequent hurricanes.

Demographics



Around eight million one hundred thousand people live in Virginia. The average population density is about 206.7/sq mi  (79.8/km2).

The largest city in the state is Virginia Beach, with about 440,000 people living there. Other major cities in Virginia are Norfolk (about 235,000 inhabitants) and Chesapeake (about 225,000 inhabitants). About 205,000 people live in the state capital, Richmond.

TOP 5 Universities


Best Universities in Virginia

* University of Virginia
* Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
* George Mason University
* Virginia Commonwealth University
* Liberty University

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